Two sons with their mom.What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a group of diseases that share a common trait of high blood sugar (glucose).
The three forms of diabetes are the result of the body’s inability to produce or use insulin properly. Normally, our body breaks food down into sugar (glucose) and sends it into the bloodstream. Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. Insulin helps get blood sugar (glucose) from the bloodstream in the body cells to be used for energy.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes was formerly known as juvenile diabetes because it was usually diagnosed in children and young adults. The body does not produce insulin with type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 is the most common form of this health condition. With type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells can’t use insulin appropriately. Without the proper amount of insulin, your blood sugar (glucose) rises. Type 2 diabetes is commonly associated with obesity and is occurring with increasing frequency as obesity is increasing.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs when blood sugar (glucose) levels are high during pregnancy. Like type 2 diabetes, the body is not able to make or use all the insulin it needs. However, this form of diabetes occurs during pregnancy, and affects about 4% of all pregnant women.

Diabetes can be a deadly disease. If not managed properly, complications such as kidney failure, heart attack, blindness and amputation can occur. However, diabetes can be managed and these complications can be avoided. For some, weight loss will even cause the diabetes to go away.

How Can CareOregon Help?

  • Medications to manage your diabetes are a covered benefit.
  • Benefits are available to help you stop smoking.
  • Your yearly flu shot is a covered benefit.
  • CareOregon’s Care Management Team can help you learn how to gain control of your diabetes. Call 503-416-4100 or 1-800-224-4840 (toll free). TTY/TDD users can call 1-800-735-2900. Ask to speak with a Care Management staff member.
  • Chronic conditions can be a burden to your way of life. Don’t let them be! Learn more about Living Well With Chronic Conditions Workshops.