Diabetes is a serious disease that affects more than 30 million people in the United States. Another 84 million people have prediabetes. Normally, our body breaks food down into blood sugar (glucose) and sends it into the bloodstream. Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. Insulin helps get blood sugar from the bloodstream to your body’s cells to be used for energy. Diabetes is a group of diseases that share a common trait of high blood sugar. The three forms of diabetes occur when the body can’t produce or use insulin properly. There are ways that you can figure out if you have diabetes. CareOregon covers those screenings and most medications to manage diabetes.
Types of diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes was formerly known as juvenile diabetes because it was usually diagnosed in children and young adults. The body does not produce insulin with type 1 diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 is the most common form of this health condition. With type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells can’t use insulin appropriately. Without the proper amount of insulin, your blood sugar rises. Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity. It occurs more frequently as obesity increases.
- Gestational diabetes. This occurs when blood sugar levels are high during pregnancy. Like type 2 diabetes, the body is not able to make or use all the insulin it needs. However, this form of diabetes occurs during pregnancy, and affects about 4% of all pregnant women.
Diabetes can be a deadly disease. If not managed properly, complications like kidney failure, heart attack, tooth loss, blindness and amputation can occur. However, diabetes can be managed and these complications can be avoided. For some, weight loss will cause diabetes to go away.
CareOregon’s Care Coordination team can help you learn how to take control of your diabetes. Call 503-416-4100, toll-free 800-224-4840 or TTY 711. Ask to speak with a Care Coordination team member.
Chronic conditions can be a burden to your way of life. Don’t let them be! Learn more about our Living Well with Chronic Conditions workshops.
See a dentist if you have diabetes
- Dental check ups are part of routine diabetes care.
- Check your Member ID card for the name of your dental care provider.
- Our Diabetes and Oral Health brochure explains why keeping your mouth healthy can help take care of your diabetes, too: English | Spanish | Arabic | Simplified Chinese | Traditional Chinese | Russian | Somali | Vietnamese